Primary production on the island is based on agriculture (grains and sugar beets, diversified market gardening, and flower cultivation), as well as on stone quarrying and fishing. Il entoure la ville de Visby sur l'île de Gotland dans le sud-est de la Suède. Combinez un climat dramatique, venteux mais ensoleillé, avec des traditions alimentaires anciennes et riches et ajoutez d’excellents producteurs et restaurateurs. The older churches were constructed in the Romanesque style from 1150 to 1250. A Swedish naval force rescue expedition was sent from Karlskrona under the command of admiral Rudolf Cederström with 2,000 men; the island was liberated and the Russians capitulated. [11], In 1996, for the first time, ferries between Gotland and mainland Sweden carried more than 1 million passengers in a year. As an example December is warmer than March, with temperature lows being similar to April. They are part of what has become called "Gutniska Lekar", and are performed preferably on the Midsummer's Eve celebration on the island, but also throughout the summer months. Gotland is Sweden's largest island, and it is the largest island fully encompassed by the Baltic Sea (with Denmark's Zealand at the Baltic's edge). This is consistent with the spread of agricultural peoples from the Middle East at about that time. [24] It also contained about 20 kg (44 lb) of bronze objects along with numerous everyday objects such as nails, glass beads, parts of tools, pottery, iron bands and clasps. The city is visited by a number of cruise ships every year. The oldest painting inside one of the churches on Gotland stretches as far back in time as the 12th century. This is due to strong continental winds travelling over the sea from surrounding great landmasses. 1. Visites à Gotland. It has been reported that the bulk of this initial garrison will make up a new motorised rifle battalion,[56] alternatively referred to in other reports as a "modular-structured rapid response Army battalion". Aujourd'hui ce rempart s'étend sur 3,4km sur les 3,6 km de murs d'origine ! This activity attracted German merchants, who settled in the major town, Visby, and brought it into the Hanseatic League. [95][96], Gotland gives its name to the traditional farmhouse ale Gotlandsdricka, a turbid beer with much in common with Finnish sahti, and related beers from the Baltic states. Some 50,000 people live here all year. Distinguishing bone fat exploitation from other taphonomic processes: what caused the high level of bone fragmentation at the Middle Neolithic site of Ajvide, Gotland? Gotland - KMB - 16001000530457.jpg 583 × 780; 352 KB Gotland - KMB - 16001000530970.jpg 581 × 780; 271 KB Gotland, Sweden (Unsplash).jpg 4,000 × 2,657; 3.75 MB Nord-Pas-de-Calais. Gotland, tout comme l'île d'Öland en Suède et les îles de Saaremaa et d'Hiiumaa en Estonie, est un plateau calcaire sans montagne. Rome2rio is a door-to-door travel information and booking engine, helping you get to and from any location in the world. [7][8][9][10] With its total area of 3,183.7 km2 (1,229.2 sq mi) the island of Gotland and the other areas of the province of Gotland make up 0.8% of Sweden's total land area. See section "Cruise ships". Les appartements de vacances sont en effet le meilleur moyen de découvrir les paysages de cette région singulièrement belle. There are over 8,700 titles about Gotland in the National Library of Sweden on line database LIBRIS. It also tells that a third of the population had to emigrate and settle in southern Europe, a tradition associated with the migration of the Goths, whose name has the same origin as Gutes, the native name of the people of the island. [82] In 2011, the matter of the new pier was discussed in the Riksdag[83] and in 2012 research and planning for the pier began. ", "Gotland i siffror 2013 ("Gotland in numbers 2013")", "MP Atlas; Hoburgs Bank Special Protection Areas (Birds Directive)", "Dublin, Ireland – Monthly weather forecast and Climate data", "Sweden sends troops to Baltic island amid Russia tensions", "Sweden Invests in Naval Capacity, Baltic Sea Ops", "Gotland Island, the Baltic Sea's Weak Link", "Blir det krig får armén köpa mat på Ica Maxi", "Gotlands Marindistrikt – Visbyavdelningen (Vba) – 1931–1956", "Solkrig pågår mellan Karlskrona och Visby", "Att angöra en kaj eller passera en ö, pdf", "Motion 2011/12:T416 Kryssningskaj i Visby", "CMP förhandlar om kryssningskaj i Visby", "Gotlands slipskåror: spår av friktionsbromsar hos väderkvarnar? [50] [21][22], On 16 July 1999, the world's largest Viking silver treasure, the Spillings Hoard, was found in a field at Spillings farm northwest of Slite. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. By the 12th century ce Gotland’s traders, representing an essentially independent peasant society on the island, had their trading house at Novgorod, Russia, and dominated the routes between Russia and western Europe. [30] About 1,500 Gotlandic farmers were killed by the Danish invaders after massing for battle at Mästerby. Astronomer Göran Henriksson dates a number of these grinding grooves to the Stone Age, from c. 3300 BCE to c. 2000 BCE, based on astronomical alignments,[87] although his methodology has been heavily criticized. [92], Traditional games of skill like Kubb, Pärk, and Varpa are played on Gotland. Another less common name for the range is the Toftasjön firing range. Gotland currently has no local air defence capability. [67] Gotland became very popular with socialites at the time through Princess Eugenie who lived in Västerhejde, in the west part of the island from the 1860s. Until the mid-14th century most of the Novgorod trade passed through the island, creating a prosperity undisturbed by the strong antagonism that grew between the German citizens of Visby and the indigenous Scandinavian peasantry. Gotlanders of the Viking era are depicted as city people, more sophisticated and cosmopolitan than other Scandinavians of their time, and proud of their knowledge and skills. A section of the book is devoted to a Viking ship setting out to Russia, stopping on its way at Gotland and engaging a pilot from the island who plays an important part in their voyage. [28], The authority of the landsting was successively eroded after the island was occupied by the Teutonic Order, then sold to Eric of Pomerania and after 1449 ruled by Danish governors. Gotland County (Swedish: Gotlands län) is a county or län of Sweden. [29] In 1361, Valdemar Atterdag of Denmark invaded the island. Since 2010 the island has become a more versatile vacation spot visited by people from all over the world, in all manner of ways. [20], The Mästermyr chest, an important artefact from the Viking Age, was found in Gotland. Gotland est la plus grande île de la Suède, sur la côte est du pays. The Swedish government decided in March 2015, to begin reestablishing a permanent military presence on Gotland, starting with an initial 150 troop garrison,[55] consisting primarily of elements from the Swedish Army. At last, Gotland became a fief of the Teutonic Knights, awarded to them on the condition that they expel the piratical Victual Brothers from their fortified sanctuary. Gotland is Sweden's largest island and is a popular holiday spot for both Swedes and foreigners. Gotland wool falls in soft ringlets and grows about 10 to 12 inches a year. Ne vous trompez pas de période ! Welcome aboard. The pier is scheduled to be finished in 2018. The total sum is almost as great as the number that has been unearthed in the entire Muslim world. [49], The island's main sources of income are agriculture along with food processing, tourism, IT solutions, design and some heavy industry such as concrete production from locally mined limestone. L'île de Gotland semblait avoir tourné la page de la guerre froide, mais peut-être cette parenthèse n'aura été que de courte durée. [108], Visby/Roma HK is a hockey club located in Visby, currently playing in group East of Hockeyettan.[109]. [17], The number of Arab dirhams discovered on the island of Gotland alone is astoundingly high. In the 13th century, a work containing the laws of the island, called "the Gotlandic law" (Gutalagen), was published in Old Gutnish, as well as the Gutasaga. A Gotlandic farmer during the early 20th century. Gotland has a semi-continental variety of a marine climate. [69], In 2001, it was the fifth largest tourist destination in Sweden based on the total number of guest nights. The leading football club is FC Gute, playing in the fourth-tier league Division 2 as of 2014[update]. Overview of archaeologists' efforts to uncover Viking treasure on Gotland island, Sweden. In 1361, however, the Danish king Valdemar IV Atterdag, tempted by the riches of the island, conquered it in a famous battle outside the walls of Visby. In fact, he shows the highest luster of any of the Gotland rams that semen has been imported from to date. There are approximately 3,700 grinding grooves, of which about 750 occur in the solid limestone outcrop and the rest in other rock formations. Limousin. 57,269. Corrections? [94] This article was most recently revised and updated by, CRW Flags - Flag of the Municipality of Gotland, Sweden. The games have widespread renown; some of them are played by people as far away as in the United States. Useful info, unmissable tourist sites, hotels and restaurants - Gotland County ... Île-de-France. [13] A DNA study conducted on the 5,000-year-old skeletal remains of three Middle Neolithic seal hunters from Gotland showed that they were related to modern-day Finns, while a farmer from Gökhem parish in Västergötland on the mainland was found to be more closely related to modern-day Mediterraneans. [57] Prior to the disbandment of the original garrison, there had been a continuous Swedish military presence on Gotland in one form or another, for nearly 200 years. Discussions Île de Gotland les plus commentées. [66] As of 2018, Gotland has received a lot more attention military-wise and has seen a much larger spending on the military. [23] The silver treasure was divided into two parts weighing a total of 67 kg (148 lb) (27 kg (60 lb) and 40 kg (88 lb)) and consisted mostly of coins, about 14,000, from foreign countries, mostly Islamic. [89], The inhabitants of Gotland traditionally spoke their own language, known as Old Gutnish. The main Silurian succession of limestones and shales comprises thirteen units spanning 200 to 500 m (660 to 1,640 ft) of stratigraphic thickness, being thickest in the south, and overlies a 75 to 125 m (246 to 410 ft) thick Ordovician sequence. [1] The island of Gotland and the other areas of the province of Gotland make up less than one percent of Sweden's total land area. The latter often consist of hard rocks such as granite or gneiss, but also soft rocks such as sandstone occur. On 22 April 1808, during the Finnish War between Sweden and Russia, a Russian army landed on the southeastern shores of Gotland near Grötlingbo. Escapade : L’île de Gotland en Suède (2/2) Petit city-guide d'une île dépaysante en mer Baltique. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. Read the e-magazine in English online. [28] An invading army of Teutonic Knights conquered the island in 1398, destroying Visby and driving the Victual Brothers from Gotland. Thereafter the trade routes shifted and … [72] In 2012, the ferries had 1,590,271 passengers and the airlines 327,255 passengers. Bogs are found in areas having a clay cover; conifers occur particularly on the steep cliffs of the west.

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